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District Zamoskvorechye. Part two
This building is a complex of separate residential buildings, merged together. In combination with the huge arch of the new Big Stone Bridge, with a new high house at the corner of Bolshaya Polyanka, & quot; The light corner turret of which is visible from afar, with the newly created green square on Bolotnaya Square. The Government House creates an expressive landscape of the renovated Zamoskvorechye. Under the new, lively appearance of today's Zamoskvorechye, the traces of that merchant "dark kingdom", which gave this area a special gloomy originality, disappeared forever.


The merchants, like the nobility, had their favorite “tracts” in Moscow. It inhabited mainly Zamoskvorechye, Taganka, and & quot; Rogozhsky district outposts; In the latter the most Old Testament part of Moscow merchants was concentrated - the Old Believers. Merchant life was distinguished by strict isolation from the life of other classes, pre-revolutionary Moscow. This isolation left a special imprint on the merchant districts, giving them a provincial flavor. Zagoskin was right when he wrote that in the old Moscow it was possible to find the capital, the provincial town, the district town, and even the village. Among the merchant districts Zamoskvorechye had a special weight. Zamoskvorechye merchant was not immediately. It was formed and & quot; splicing between the roads, which began at the Kremlin and went from Moscow to the south. The names of modern streets - Kaluzhskaya, Serpukhovskaya, Tulskaya - remind of these roads. Zamoskvorechye was inhabited by artisans and working people who served the needs of the Kremlin: Kadashevs (who supplied the canvases), coins ... gardeners, gardeners, interpreters (translators). The names of streets and alleys testify to this day. A lot was here and shooters' settlements.


The church of Gregory Neokesariysky, built in the 17th century, is preserved on Bolshaya Polyanka. It is one of the models of the old Russian architecture. A variety of stone forms of this building, the diversity of its color does not weaken the impression of calm harmony. On a warm dark red background mottled belts of tiles appear - white, yellow, green; single tiled spots are scattered on the walls without creating an overload anywhere. The builder had a completely independent local, national thought, which gave the building such an organic, natural character. The name of the architect is well known: it was & quot; an observer of stone affairs & quot; Ivan the Grasshopper, who knew how to & quot; carved stone matter to color and register with paints & quot ;. Such churches once dominated the adjoining settlements, rising high in their heads and belltowers over numerous wooden houses surrounded by gardens, gardens, baths, barns - buildings that corresponded to the 17th century Slobodskoy life. hire software engineers ukraine

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